Right whales Right whales Eubalaena spp. Right whales swim along the surface open-mouthed, skimming the water with long, fine baleen. They have no dorsal fin, no throat grooves, and a huge, arched jaw. They are slow swimmers and migrate seasonally. Bowhead whales, the right whale and the southern right whale are right whales. Rodhocetus Rodhocetus meaning “Rodho [the local name of the region in Pakistnan where the fossil was found] whale” is an extinct primitive Eocene whale that lived about
Faroe Islanders’ ritual slaughter of pilot whales turns sea blood red
NesmithThe Associated Press It’s the hottest pickup joint for some of the biggest creatures on Earth. Every winter, thousands of humpback whales swim thousands of miles to reach the warm, shallow waters off the Dominican Republic. As many as six males court one female, trumpeting to scare each other off and leaping into the air to display their prowess. You can identify the female as the one always slightly ahead of the pack, keeping the boys at bay, and lone males by their complex and haunting songs which are thought to be mating calls.
Whale Watching in Hermanus: The Ultimate Guide Jul 1, 2. Hermanus is a small town on the coast of the Western Cape province of South Africa, but during whale season, it becomes the whale-spotting capital of the country. Visitors from all over the world descend to this attractive former fishing village to see the famous Southern right whales that come here every year to mate and calve. For anyone interested in seeing these graceful giants in their natural habitat, whale watching in Hermanus makes for an unmissable trip.
Best time to visit September to November is the best time to spot Southern right whales. July through November is a good season to see Humpback whales. Whale Watching Tours in Hermanus Hermanus will not disappoint if you are here for a whale-watching tour; there are many options to choose from. The small town has some of the best spots on the planet to see whales from land; boat trips are available for those who hope to witness these great cetaceans at close hand; and aerial tours can be organised for those who want to get a different view and try something more unique.
Land based Whale-watching tours A whale watching spot in Hermanus A southern right whale as seen from a whale watching spot in Hermanus The km Cliff Path starting near the New Harbour and heading east takes in several excellent spots for land-based whale watching in Hermanus. At some places, whales are known to approach to within five metres of the shore and this can offer an excellent opportunity to see them up close without the need to head out to sea.
This is a good option for those hoping to see whales independently without joining a tour but it can also make for a memorable excursion for anyone wishing to explore the coastline before or after a boat tour. Boat Tours A boat tour for whale watching means there is a higher chance for a close encounter with a whale Although sightings can never be guaranteed, it is very rare for boats to be unable to locate whales. Boats are permitted to approach to within 50 metres of the whales but, being naturally inquisitive creatures, they often swim much closer than this, offering the chance for some truly intimate encounters.
Bitcoin hits $US10,000 but are whales ready to give the market a haircut?
Discoveries in Bay cliff formations are yielding new insights into prehistoric creatures, including ancient whales Daniel Strain Calvert Cliffs, seen here rising from the Chesapeake Bay by Rocky Point, are a scenic landmark. It might have been attacked by a predator or simply succumbed to old age and disease. Either way, the whale sank feet or more to the sea floor below.
Orca Whale (aka Killer Whale) 3 resident pods (J, K & L pods) live in the region year-round and primarily feed on salmon, cod and herring. Transient Orca whales pass through the islands frequently, feeding on seals, sea lions and fish.
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Sperm Whale Facts | Size, Features, Behavior, Habitat
Book review — Spying on Whales: As a young career palaeontologist, Nick Pyenson found himself in the Atacama desert of Chile, tasked with mapping rock layers to establish a continuous chronology that would help dating fossils found in the area. So what do you do when a colleague takes you to the construction site of a new highway and shows you not one, not several, but literally dozens of complete fossil whale skeletons?
It represented a treasure trove for science, but retrieving the material before the highway constructors would move in was also a daunting, labour-intensive task that could make or break careers. I almost found myself standing next to Pyenson in the dusty clearing, the Chilean sun beating down on me as he faced this dilemma.
This is the incredible moment nine killer whales attack and quickly kill a weak mother grey whale and her calf. Stunned whale watchers witnessed the slaughter in Monterey Bay, California on Wednesday.
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Samana Bay: ‘Singles bar’ for humpback whales
One of these whales, a male known as , has the longest documented humpback whale sighting history in the world: It is not known how old this whale was when he was first sighted. The primary objective of this research is to detect changes in whale abundance, distribution, and population parameters.
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Cetotherium Cetotheriidae , Mysticeti cca 18 Ma The aquatic lifestyle of cetaceans first began in the Indian subcontinent from even-toed ungulates 50 million years ago, over a period of at least 15 million years, however a jawbone discovered in Antarctica may reduce this to 5 million years. The traditional theory of cetacean evolution, first proposed by Van Valen in ,  was that whales were related to the mesonychids , an extinct order of carnivorous ungulates hoofed animals that resembled wolves with hooves and were a sister group of the artiodactyls even-toed ungulates.
This theory arose due to similarities between the unusual triangular teeth of the mesonychids and those of early whales. However, molecular phylogeny data indicates that whales are very closely related to the artiodactyls, with hippopotamuses as their closest living relative. Because of this, cetaceans and hippopotamuses are placed in the same suborder , Whippomorpha.
However, the earliest anthracotheres , the ancestors of hippos, do not appear in the fossil record until the Middle Eocene, millions of years after Pakicetus , the first known whale ancestor, appeared during the Early Eocene, implying the two groups diverged well before the Eocene. Since molecular analysis identifies artiodactyls as being very closely related to cetaceans, mesonychids are probably an offshoot from Artiodactyla, and cetaceans did not derive directly from them, but possibly sharing a common ancestor.
The skeletons of Pakicetus show that whales did not derive directly from mesonychids. Instead, they are artiodactyls that began to take to the water soon after artiodactyls split from mesonychids.
Best places to whale watch around the world
Sperm Whale Facts Size, Features, Behavior, Habitat Evolution and Systematics Perhaps the oldest of all the family of dolphins and whales is Physeteridae dating back to 30 million years ago. They possess many characteristics of a toothed whale odontocete precisely due to the fact that both families co-existed previously. Unlike few characteristics which are primitive there are some that are highly adapted. However, it does not retain any similarity from Eocene cetacens from which they derived.
Physeterid Ferecetotherium is thought to be the earliest in Oligocene but it had a reduced head size.
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The hippopotamus and pygmy hippopotamus are the whale’s closest terrestrial living relatives. Mysticeti Mysticetes are also known as baleen whales. They have a pair of blowholes side-by-side and lack teeth; instead they have baleen plates which form a sieve-like structure in the upper jaw made of keratin, which they use to filter plankton from the water.
Some whales, such as the humpback, reside in the polar regions where they feed on a reliable source of schooling fish and krill. Whale ribs loosely articulate with their thoracic vertebrae at the proximal end, but do not form a rigid rib cage. This adaptation allows the chest to compress during deep dives as the pressure increases. The main difference between each family of mysticete is in their feeding adaptations and subsequent behaviour.
Balaenopterids are the rorquals. These animals, along with the cetotheriids, rely on their throat pleats to gulp large amounts of water while feeding.
Golden Circle Classic
This is a fully guided tour and we offer coffee and homemade pastries. Humpback whales, minke whales, dolphins and porpoises are commonly spotted during these popular tours. Our boats have free open WiFi. Weather and sea conditions Tours are dependent on weather and sea conditions.
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Rare whale fossil pulled from California backyard Update August 1, A rare whale fossil has been pulled from a Southern California backyard with some unusual help—a sheriff’s search-and-rescue team. Current whale migration models are too simplified May 3, New research challenges the traditional view that baleen whales Mysticetes migrate between high-latitude feeding areas and low-latitude breeding areas.
Dwarf whale survived well into Ice Age April 4, Research from New Zealand’s University of Otago detailing the fossil of a dwarf baleen whale from Northern California reveals that it avoided extinction far longer than previously thought. Remains of fossilized ‘giant pelican’ found in Peru March 15, The fossilized remains of a giant pelican-like bird dating back some 35 million years have been uncovered in Peru’s Ica desert, paleontologists said Friday. Ancient New Zealand ‘Dawn Whale’ identified November 18, University of Otago palaeontologists are rewriting the history of New Zealand’s ancient whales by describing a previously unknown genus of fossil baleen whales and two species within it.
Fossilised tooth of gigantic ‘killer’ whale found in Australia April 22, A huge, five-million-year-old whale tooth has been discovered on an Australian beach, providing the first evidence of the now extinct killer sperm whale outside the Americas. Recommended for you Greenhouse gas levels in atmosphere hit new high: UN November 22, The levels of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, the main driver of climate change, have hit a new record high, the UN said Thursday, warning that the time to act was running out.
In every whale’s earwax is a record of its lifetime exposure to pollutants
Whalers have been caught taking apart the carcass of a blue whale after killing it with a cannon harpoon Image: As a rare blue and fin whale hybrid, it would have made an awesome sight rising through the waves. But, as these shocking images show, the determination of one Icelandic whaler to kill it for profit meant its body has now been hacked to pieces. Kristjan Loftsson personally oversaw the killing and butchering of the whale which he profits from Image: It was then dragged back to a port north of the capital Reykjavik, strapped to the side of the whaling ship.
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Share 24 shares Janjucetus fossil tooth which is sharper than that of most living mammals left, and 3D model right. The finding disproves a long-held theory first posited by Charles Darwin that ancient whales used thin comb-like teeth to sieve through seawater for tiny plankton, as they do today Janjucetus fossil skull left face to face with another top predator, the lion. Using specimens from across the globe, they scanned the teeth of fossil whales and modern predators Paleontologists used 3D printers to uncover the myth-busting findings during a joint research project spearheaded by Museums Victoria and Monash University.
Using specimens from across the globe, they scanned the teeth of fossil whales and modern predators like dingoes and lions to make digital models form which the shape and sharpness could be measured. The team discovered the primitive ancestors of today’s Southern Right whales and Blue whales in fact had extremely sharp teeth designed for biting and slicing open flesh.
The extremely sharp teeth of ancient whales such as Janjucetus show that whales have origins as ferocious predators who used their teeth to slice open flesh Pictured is the fossil skull of Janjucetus. The team discovered the primitive ancestors of today’s Southern Right whales and Blue whales in fact had extremely sharp teeth designed for biting and slicing open flesh Pictured is a tooth row of a crabeater seal, a living seal species that filter feeds with its teeth.
Experts had thought ancient whales used a zigzag-like sieve of long blunt teeth to trap small food in their mouth and allow water to flow between them like modern-day leopard and crabeater seals do, but that these were later replaced by baleen. But the new findings proved the controversial long-standing theory – first developed by Charles Darwin – was wrong by showing the teeth of primitive baleen whales were radically different to those of seals and sharper than those of most living mammals.