View images by clicking on link or reduced image: Each image opens into a new window. These primitive, medium sized apes lived in rain forests between 18 and 22 million years ago. This species and others such as Dryopithecus existed before the hominid line diverged on the path to humans. This lineage ancestral gibbons is believed to have diverged from the great ape and human lineages between 17 and 25 Mya Avers, Oreopithecus ‘s hand closely matches the pattern of early hominids, with a grasping capability including firm pad-to-pad precision gripping that apes are unable to perform presumably as a response to similar functional demands to hominids Moya-Sola et al, Bipedal activities made up a significant part of the positional behavior of this primate Kohler and Moya-Sola, Gorilla and human DNA only differs by 2. Our DNA differs by only 1. The two species of Pan, the chimpanzee, P.
The Three Bible Timelines: Why and How They Differ
Leibnitz reworked Descartes’s cosmogony. Protogea was published much later in An essay toward a Natural History of the Earth. Woodward came down fairly strongly for the view that the flood was an act of God that could not be accounted for by normal physical processes. He also postulated hydrological sorting to account for the ordering of fossils. Whiston added comets to Burnet’s cosmogony as the source of the waters of the flood.
Geologic Time opens with a brief history of geology from James Ussher to James Hutton and Sir Charles Lyell. The chapter continues with a discussion of the fundamental principles of relative dating: law of superposition, principle of original horizontality, principle of cross-cutting relationships, and the uses of inclusions and unconformities.
To many modern scholars of the earth, this seems outlandish, even ridiculous. Creationists though still attest to its veracity. It is easy to fall into the trap of judging old ideas with modern concepts and proofs, rather than judging them according to the precepts and traditions of their day; of course, the real kicker here is that one needs to have some knowledge of those cultural contexts and traditions. I was reminded of this during a re-read of Stephen J. Other worthies are praised for good tries in a scientific spirit even if their ages are way off , but Ussher is excoriated for biblical idolatry and just plain foolishness.
How could anyone look at a hill, a lake, or a rock pile and not know that the earth must be ancient? It is basically a statement about making judgements. Without this knowledge, a priori, the longevity of this pile of rock will remain a mystery. For Ussher, this kind of knowledge was not part of his paradigm, his view of the universe. Quite the opposite; his view was imbued with a theological tradition that was still trying to deal with the monstrous notion that man and earth were not the centre of the universe.
The World: Born in 4004 BC?
Even James Ussher , the famous and respected Archbishop of Ireland in the seventeenth century, is today greatly ridiculed for declaring that the world was created in BC. However, this date was widely accepted until people began to believe in ideas such as billions of years of Earth history. In other words, they started trusting in the latest secular findings based on fallible dating methods, instead of the only absolutely reliable method—consulting the history book provided by the Eyewitness account the infallible Word of God.
Ussher also argued that Day 1 of creation was October
Ussher had to tackle the big problem of dating it through solely relying on the Bible, given that different texts gave different versions. It was even more so difficult because the Bible was founded on different texts, basically an amalgamation of many different texts.
The Downs and Redgate Beach, A brief comment from this follows: There once was a footbridge from this beach that went around the cliff to Anstey’s Cove, but than was taken down as it was claimed it was dangerous, but I feel it was removed to stop people getting onto Redgate beach. The locals defy orders not to use the beach and even today there was couple down on the beach and during the summer you will find plenty on the beach as it is one not known to our visitors.
The quarry was used during Victorian times, to provide stone for the grandest houses and civic buildings in Torquay. The Victorians not only started the spread of large buildings over beautiful open hills above the sea, but also removed parts of the cliffs. Nowadays the old quarries of Torquay seem relatively natural and seem to have less impact than the housing development. The limestone at Long Quarry is full of white stromatoporoid masses Actinostroma ,some reaching 0.
The following fossils have been identified by Jukes-Browne in Lloyd, from Long Quarry listed here in old terminology which has not been updated.
Annals of the World
First published 21 March Old Earth Ministries Website One of the featured articles in the geology section of Kent Hovind’s website, Creation Science Evangelism, talks about the assumptions within radiometric dating. It is a very general article, giving no valid points against radiometric dating. This argument uses a simple sight-picture, to explain how the assumptions may be corrupt.
No one since the Reformation has had such an impact upon the study of Biblical chronology as James Ussher, archbishop of Armagh in Ireland. In 1 the English edition of his Annales established the evening of October 22, B. c. as the beginning of Creation week! John Lightfoot, a Greek scholar.
Manna ceases Joshua 5: This day of the erection of the sanctuary was the 1st of the divinely appointed 1st month, for it is the month of the Passover. It is evidently the first Abib since the departure from Egypt see on Exodus The years as reckoned from the Exodus, then, were spring-beginning years, and the first of the series was the one in which the Hebrews left Egypt.
If this series of years from the Exodus had been continued as an era for dating subsequent events, it would have greatly simplified the problem of Old Testament chronology. We are in a better position to reckon backward to the patriarchs from later and better known periods, though not with complete certainty. The year span from the Exodus back to Abraham locates that patriarch in the B.
From the Exodus the forty years of wandering are numbered continuously, as in an era; then in the conquest of Canaan and the time of the judges there are various periods, some of which obviously overlap. If the information were complete and precise down through the kingdoms of Judah and Israel, to the time when the line of Bible dating joins the fixed dates of ancient history, the B.
Ignatius of Antioch
The Age of the Earth Part These blogs build upon each other to a fair degree so I encourage you to read my former blogs so that you will understand my perspective, but in short I believe the Bible to be the inerrant inspired word of God. At the same time I believe that Creation occurred significantly earlier than years in the past. From a biblical perspective it would be remiss not to discuss the biblical genealogies mainly Genesis 5 and 11, Exodus 6, Matthew 1 and Luke 3 with respect to how they might help us understand the age of the Earth.
I had an interest in this subject dating back to my early years in college when I was beginning to come to terms with my geology interests compared to my understanding of Scripture.
The dating system which we use and which says that AD is the 6,th year from the formation of the world was done by a man, not the Bible. He was a 17th Century Anglican Bishop named James Ussher.
Moses Joshua It has been suggested that the Mosaic genealogies are perhaps only 20 to 40 percent complete. Those who hold that the genealogies are telescoped place the creation of Adam and Eve around 10 to 30 thousand years ago, but perhaps as late as 60, years ago. However, prior to Abraham, there is little available Biblical or historical information on which to build a solid chronology. As a result, the early Hebrew convention of including just the most historically important individuals in the genealogical record, coupled with the broad meanings of ben, ab, and yalad, raise serious questions whether the Genesis genealogies may be regarded as an absolute chronology pointing back to a 6, year-old earth.
The genealogies themselves provide a rationale for human origins dating earlier than six to ten thousand years ago. Creation of the universe and heavenly bodies When the universe was first proved to have a beginning, cosmologists were up-in-arms, since they had always believed in an eternally-existing universe with no First Cause. This period could have spanned as much as several billions years, or it could have been much less; the text simply does not tell us how long.
The word suggests a period of time of unstated length which precedes the conditions described by Genesis 1:
King James Bible with Ussher Annotations?
Using biblical genealogies from Genesis 5 and 11, and other supporting Biblical passages, he pieced together a timeline for Biblical events. Many Bibles have this timeline in the margins, indicating the estimated year that the events on that page occurred. Many people still swear by these dates, especially the one indicated for Genesis Chapter One, 4, B. Many young-earth creationists claim that the creation week started in this year.
Is it a reliable assumption that 4, B.
Usshers chronology places the date of Exodus in April of BC. His dates were published in the King James Authorized Bible as early as AD and are the ones used on the Bible History Timeline above.. Thiele, a modern Biblical chronologist, calculates it to BC – .
Email Details When Clarence Darrow prepared his famous examination of William Jennings Bryan in the Scopes trial, he chose to focus primarily on a chronology of Biblical events prepared by a seventeenth-century Irish bishop, James Ussher. In fact, until the s, the Bibles placed in nearly every hotel room by the Gideon Society carried his chronology. The chronology first appeared in The Annals of the Old Testament, a monumental work first published in London in the summer of Ussher lived through momentous times, having been born during the reign of Elizabeth and dying, in , under Cromwell.
He was a talented fast-track scholar who entered Trinity College in Dublin at the early age of thirteen, became an ordained priest by the age of twenty, and a professor at Trinity by twenty-seven. Ussher committed himself to establishing a date for Creation that could withstand any challenge. He located and studied thousands of ancient books and manuscripts, written in many different languages. By the time of his death, he had amassed a library of over 10, volumes.
The date forever tied to Bishop Ussher appears in the first paragraph of the first page of The Annals. Although Ussher brought stunning precision to his chronology, Christians for centuries had assumed a history roughly corresponding to his. The Bible itself provides all the information necessary to conclude that Creation occurred less than 5, years before the birth of Christ.
Astronomer Johannes Kepler concluded that B. Ussher began his calculation by adding the ages of the twenty-one generations of people of the Hebrew-derived Old Testament, beginning with Adam and Eve. If the Bible is to be believed, they were an exceptionally long-lived lot.
God’s 6000 Year Plan: Dating Jesus’ Latest Return?
Jay Hall James Ussher d. Years ago his dates were in the margins of Bibles. The date of his death, , is the same as the age of the Earth at the time of the Flood
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The night October 23 B. Except for that day of creation his chronology is otherwise quite good. Ussher’s chronology overview The unhappy B. That year is very problematic and I call it Devil’s Stamp There was no other known dating method for early history than the genealogies of the Bible and Ussher did his best studying them and calculating and calculating dates Bible was a kind of Sphinx at those days, an old, quiet, impressive, mysterious book filled with the names of strange rulers and countries and generations of people long ago with whom the people of Israel came into contact.
Except for the cryptic references in the Bible almost nothing else was known about these people in the ancient Near East.
Ussher’s Timeline — How the Literal Bible is Wrong
By Wayne Jackson Dr. Others allege that the Bible simply does not speak to this matter. Ross, see Van Bebber and Taylor The Basic Issue If it is true that the Bible is completely silent on this topic, then certainly we ought not to make an issue of it. But, is the Bible silent regarding the age of the earth and the human race? We pose these questions for reflection:
Today, Ussher is oft maligned by men not worthy of his glance whose mind set is confident that modern scientific dating methods have punctured and totally invalidated his findings. However.
Summary Historic and pre-historic. These are familiar terms, but what do they mean? Historic refers to records – like a recorded line of Kings. Pre-historic refers to things for which we have no written records and must be dated by estimation, material, design style or radiometric methods – all of which can be wildly inaccurate. In many history books the years are set down as if the state of the world in BC was known just as clearly as it was in BC. This is definitely NOT the case. Things go very fuzzy around BC, and the historian must rely on the consensus of opinion to fit things in before that time.
How long ago was the flood? Conventional archeological dating applies a consensus for dating things according to time periods – like “early bronze age” etc. How accurate are these assumptions, and are they like the geological column based on some shaky ground? Carbon Dating shows up Historical Problems “When the radiocarbon dating method was first tested, good agreement was found between radiocarbon dates for samples of known age for example, from Ancient Egyptian contexts.